Posts Tagged ‘pearl harbor’
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
To the Congress of the United States:
Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date which will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
The United States was at peace with that nation and, at the solicitation of Japan, was still in conversation with its Government and its Emperor looking toward the maintenance of peace in the Pacific. Indeed, 1 hour after Japanese air squadrons had commenced bombing in Oahu, the Japanese Ambassador to the United States and his colleague delivered to the Secretary of State a formal reply to a recent American message. While this reply stated that it seemed useless to continue the existing diplomatic negotiations, it contained no threat or hint of war or armed attack.
It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago. During the intervening time the Japanese Government has deliberately sought to deceive the United States by false statements and expressions of hope for continued peace.
The attack yesterday on the Hawaiian Islands has caused severe damage to American naval and military forces. Very many American lives have been lost. In addition American ships have been reported torpedoed on the high seas between San Francisco and Honolulu.
Yesterday the Japanese Government also launched an attack against Malaya.
Last night Japanese forces attacked Hong Kong.
Last night Japanese forces attacked Guam.
Last night Japanese forces attacked the Philippine Islands.
Last night the Japanese attacked Wake Island.
This morning the Japanese attacked Midway Island.
Japan has, therefore, undertaken a surprise offensive extending throughout the Pacific area. The facts of yesterday speak for themselves. The people of the United States have already formed their opinions and well understand the implications to the very life and safety of our Nation.
As Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense.
Always will we remember the character of the onslaught against us.
No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people, in their righteous might, will win through to absolute victory.
I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost but will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again.
Hostilities exist. There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger.
With confidence in our armed forces—with the unbounded determination of our people—we will gain the inevitable triumph—so help us God.
I ask that the Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese Empire.
Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The White House,December 8, 1941.
December 8th is also the 70th anniversary since America last declared war under constitutional law.
This December 2011 saw America’s newest declaration of war around constitutional law
December 8th is the 70th anniversary since America last declared war
This is not the same as 70 years of peace.
The Legislature has the duty and sole power to declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water; in order for the government or agents of the government to legally and constitutionally commit acts of war, violence or force against another nation or group, the legislature must first authorize the action.
On December 8th 1941 was the last time the United States was constitutionally and legally authorized to engage in acts of war or violence. Legislative letters of marque and reprisal on individuals or groups have not been issued by the legislature since 1815.
In the last 70 years no nation state has attacked the United States soil, though we have been threatened with attack and individual groups have attacked the United States.
The issue of marque and reprisal was raised before Congress after the September 11 attacks by Congressman Ron Paul. 9-11 was defined as acts of “air piracy” and the Marque and Reprisal Act of 2001 was introduced (and again on July 21, 2007), which would have granted the president the authority to use letters of marque and reprisal against the specific terrorists, instead of warring against a foreign state.
The attackers of 9-11 were compared to pirates in that they are difficult to fight by traditional military means. However, the bills Congressman Paul introduced were not enacted into law. Instead we ended up with the Patriot act and undeclared wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Libya, etc.
We went to war without a constitutional declaration or the letters of marque and reprisal, as is required by the constitution, with nations, states and peoples, who had committed no act of aggression against American citizens or our lands.
Since the 1941 declaration, we have been constitutionally and legally at peace with the world, however we have unconstitutionally fired our guns, shot our cannons, launched our missiles and caused the death of human lives, millions of human lives since then.
The War Powers Resolution of 1973 was a federal law, intended to check the power of the President from committing the United States to an armed conflict without a deliration of war from Congress.
It provides that the President can send U.S. armed forces into action abroad only by authorization of Congress (with declaration of war or letters of marque or reprisal) or in case of a national emergency created by attack upon the United States or its armed forces.
The War Powers Resolution requires the President to notify Congress within 48 hours of committing armed forces to military action and forbids armed forces from remaining for more than 60 days, with a further 30 day withdrawal period, without an authorization of the use of military force via a declaration of war.
The resolution was passed by two-thirds of Congress, overriding a presidential veto.
The Constitution provides that the president of the United States, as the commander and chief of the military, can only engage forces under;
- Declaration of war (if a nation state is assaulting us)
- Letters of Marque or reprisal (if a pirate or terrorist group is assaulting us)
- Direct defense during an actual attack (during the moments/hours/days of assault)
The war powers resolution changes nothing except to unconstitutionally give the president 90 days to act unilaterally within war time actions.
Every war, police action or act of violence, which has been instigated by the president and the legislature of the United States in the last 70 years have been undertaken unconstitutionally and usually against the will of the people.
Egypt is in the throws of a revolution to overthrown their ‘war on terrorist’ police state government.
NDAA is a Declaration of War on the United Statesby the United States. It is US declaring war on us.
The passage of the National Defense Authorization Act issues, explicitly, endless war on terrorist and authorizes the united states as an active theater of opperations for full military force. (we are now the war zone)
End this War
Rand Paul on “Indefinite Detention” Provision of Defense Authorization
Sen. Kirk on detainee authority in the National Defense Authorization Act
Keith Oberman Raha Wala, an attorney with Human Rights First, analyze the terms of the National Defense Authorization Act
RT – Silent Dawn of Open Fascism -U.S. Enabling Act of 2011: S.1867 (National Defense Authorization Act)
Americans to be Targeted As Terrorists Under NDAA Bill – Infowars Nightly News
Full Senate 2011-11-29- S.1867 (National Defense Authorization Act) Part 01